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What is a Router and types of Router? Everything you need to know

The Router is a very important piece of equipment in a computer network. It is the device that enables multiple computers to share a single Internet connection.  

In order for two or more PCs to be able to connect concurrently, they must use this type of device. A router works by getting packets from multiple sources and directing them to the correct destination address. If a router does not have a specific route for a particular packet, it drops that packet.

Hardware Routers vs Wireless Routers:

A hardware router is typically a fixed device with Ethernet ports and which can be used in computer networks.  It usually has one or more WAN (wide area network) ports to connect to an Internet Service Provider’s digital subscriber line (DSL), cable modem, or fiber modem; and one or more LAN (local area network) ports to connect other local devices together.  

The LAN ports are most often numbered as 1, 2, 3, etc., but this may vary from device to device depending on the manufacturer and model.  In contrast, a wireless router is a device that can transmit and receive wireless signals using antennas.

Routers come in all shapes and sizes, with features and functions that vary depending on the make and model.  They may have one, two, or more antennas, support different Wi-Fi standards, including USB ports for connecting storage devices or printers, or have special security features such as firewalls.

What is VPN Router?

A VPN router is a type of networking device that allows for the connection of multiple home and office networks to a single, central network. This allows for the sharing of resources, such as printers and files, between the different networks. A VPN router can also be used to connect to the internet, providing a secure connection for all devices on the network.

What is Edge Router?

Edge Router is a type of network router that is designed for use in small networks or at the network edge. It is typically used to connect small networks to larger ones, or to connect local area networks (LANs) to wide area networks (WANs). Edge Routers are usually less expensive and have fewer features than other types of routers, but they are sufficient for most small network applications.

Edge Routers can be used to connect LANs to each other, or to connect a LAN to the Internet. They can also be used to connect two or more WANs. In addition, Edge Routers can be used as firewalls, VPN servers, DHCP servers, DNS servers, and so on.

What is Core Router?

A core router is a device that connects two or more local area networks (LANs) or wide area networks (WANs). A core router generally has more processing power and memory than a edge router and can handle higher traffic volumes. Core routers are used in the core of a network, where they connect to other core routers. Edge routers are typically used at the edges of a network, where they connect to devices such as computers, switches, and other routers.

Core routers are used to route traffic between LANs or WANs. They use various protocols to send and receive data packets between devices on a network. Core routers typically have more powerful processors and more memory than edge routers.

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Hamayun Shaukat
Hamayun Shaukathttps://thehabytes.com/
In short, a tech enthusiast who loves to play with small gadgets to big machines. I've been writing about tech for as long as I can remember. I spent countless hours researching new tech and writing on HA Bytes.

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